PIKITUP ESTABLISHES RECYCLING ECONOMY
The strategic focus adopted by Pikitup is to ensure waste prevention and minimisation embedded on a community driven approach to waste management in line with the National Waste Management Strategy (NWMS), Integrated Waste Management Plan (IWMP) and Growth and Development Strategy: Joburg 2040 outcome 3: Enhanced qualityservices and sustainable environmental practices.
Pikitup’s primary mandate is to provide sustainable integrated waste management services to all residential, formal and informal areas, and businesses in the City of Johannesburg. We are also responsible for the provision of services to ensure the overall cleanliness of the City’s streets, open spaces and certain public areas. The cleaning of public sector hostels, public sector housing estates as well as informal trading areas and taxi ranks do not form part of the mandate but are activities performed by Pikitup at a cost. Additional to this mandate, Pikitup needs to reduce waste going to landfills by introducing waste minimisation projects including the roll out of the Separation at Source (S@S) programme and alternative technologies such as waste to energy. The company has continued with implementing waste minimisation projects in order to divert waste to landfills, these include diversion of dry and green waste as well as builder’s rubble.
The Separation at Source (S@S) implementation plan is mainly derived from Pikitup’s Resource Recovery and Logistics plan (RR&LP) as well as Waste Minimisation Strategy. The S@S programme was rolled out on a voluntary basis from 2009 in some areas of the City. Based on previous studies (Kwezi V3, 2004) Pikitup should be extracting an average of circa 13kg of dry recyclables a month per household. However, based on previously reported tonnages from the S@S programme, on average a circa 4.5kg of dry recyclables is extracted per month per household in the areas where the S@S programme has been rolled out, which is far below the estimated extraction rates from the KV3 report. It is for these reasons that Pikitup introduced a mandatory S@S programme in the areas that are already receiving the service, so as to increase the participation as well as the extraction rate of recyclables in those areas.
As of July 2018 residents were then requested to separate both dry and green waste at source. It is now mandatory for the residents in the affected areas who are currently receiving the recycling bags to place dry recyclables (paper, plastics, metal and glass) for kerbside collection by Pikitup or its service providers for further processing. The type of bag that residents receive for this purpose is a “clear colour” or a “blue colour” bag depending on the service provider that is delivering the service on behalf of Pikitup. S@S has been rolled out in the following depots: Zondi, Central camp, Marlboro, Waterval, parts of Avalon (Orange Farm, Lenasia), part of Randburg (Diepsloot) and part of Randburg (Zandspruit), parts of Midrand and Southdale.
The methodologies used in the implementation of S@S ensures that opportunities are extracted from the waste value chain. Sustainable jobs have been created and new businesses established. This is a direct contribution to the IDP Priority 1 of promoting economic growth and reducing unemployment. The company contribution includes ensuring that a recycling economy is established in the City of Johannesburg where communities and entrepreneurs are enabled to manage and benefit from recycling activities. At the centre of this intervention is the continued support and establishment of various community based co-operatives and entrepreneurs chosen through an open tender process to take responsibility for collecting and managing recycled waste through the separation at source programme. The entity has also upgraded several existing garden/drop-off sites into Integrated Waste Management Facilities (IWMF) which include a range of activities. These facilities accommodate all types of waste, i.e. garden waste, recyclables, builder’s rubble, e-waste and others.
The success of the S@S programme is reliant on the participation of all residents and businesses and therefore a particular focus on stakeholder engagement and partnerships has been enhanced, making sure that there is a collective effort from all stakeholders. Behaviour change by citizens will impact on the success of the initiatives related to waste minimisation and to improve quality of service rendered. Residents are urged to make use of the S@S service rendered by Pikitup as well as the Integrated Waste Management Facilities allocated around the City.